Tendons are flexible bands of fibrous tissue that connect muscles to bones. Tendons are responsible for transmitting movement from the skeletal muscles to the bones. Normally tendons glide easily when the muscles expand and contract. If a tendon becomes inflamed, however, this smooth gliding motion can become impaired, resulting in pain caused by this movement of the tendon. In addition to pain, you may experience swelling, stiffness, weakness, numbness and tingling in the wrist, hand and fingers, and sometimes radiating through the arm as well.
Tendonitis of the Wrist
Tendonitis of the wrist involves irritation and swelling of the tendons and or the tendon sheath, a structure which houses the tendons of the wrist and thumb. This usually causes pain in the wrist when bending or extending it. Because the wrist moves in so many directions these structures are susceptible to irritation. Often times this occurs where tendons intersect or come in contact with bone.
Fingers are delicate and sensitive structures and can be prone to finger tendinitis. Trigger finger can be a result of tendonitis which results in locking, clicking and pain in movement or use of the fingers and/or thumb.
Causes of Tendinitis
The most common cause of tendonitis is overuse, which can be a result of repetitive movements or a physical injury, like a sports injury. As we age, tendons become less elastic and are more prone to irritation.
You can prevent many tendon and nerve issues by taking regular breaks from working, exercising your hands to promote strength and mobility, and practicing correct posture and form while working. Maintain a healthy weight and good cardiovascular health, as good blood flow to the tendons is important to keep them from becoming inflamed.
Tendonitis can usually be treated through conservative methods that include one or more of the following:
- Resting or immobilizing the hands
- Applying cold packs
- Anti-inflammatory medication
- Corticosteroid injections
- Hand or wrist exercises
- Occupational therapy
Most nerve and tendon damage can be repaired when diagnosed early, so it is important to seek thorough medical treatment in order to prevent permanent damage.
Typically non-surgical treatment is recommended for tendonitis, but severe cases may require surgery. The procedure is typically done as outpatient surgery, and most patients go home the same day. Surgery involves cutting the sheath which houses the tendon, giving the tendon more room to move.
If you are suffering from wrist or finger pain, contact Dr. Rehman for a comprehensive evaluation and consultation. As with most medical conditions, early detection, awareness and a comprehensive treatment plan is the most effective way to combat the effects of conditions like tendonitis.
Macomb County Tendonitis Doctor: 586.532.0803