Ganglions are fluid-filled cysts commonly found on the tendons and joints of the wrists or hands. They may develop suddenly or over time and appear as a small, raised bump near your wrist or finger joints. While ganglions are usually benign and harmless, they may cause pain or numbness if the cyst puts pressure on nearby nerves or tendon.
Treatment of Ganglions and Cysts
Despite the lack of complications associated with ganglion cysts, you should still seek medical attention if you notice a bump on your wrist or hand. Treatment is not always necessary, but many wish to have the cyst removed for cosmetic reasons or to relieve pain that has developed over time. Ganglions can be treated through a variety of methods, depending on the size and severity of the cyst. Some of these treatments include:
- Wrist splints to immobilize the wrist
- Removal of the fluid with a syringe (aspiration); sometimes this is combined with a steroid injection
- Ganglion removal surgery
Causes of Ganglion Cysts
The specific cause of ganglions is unknown, although they tend to occur in patients with osteoarthritis, and are most common in women between the ages of 25 and 45, although they are seen in people of all ages. They often occur spontaneously when the soft sheath around a tendon or joint swells and fills with mucus.
Ganglion Cyst Removal Surgery
Surgery may be recommended for cysts that are very painful or interfere with joint movement. Ganglion surgery involves complete removal of the cyst and any attached tissue to ensure permanent treatment. After surgery a bulky dressing is applied and a splint may be used to further immobilize the area. Occupational therapy may be recommended after surgery in order to rehabilitate the hand or wrist.
If you are suffering from a painful bump on the hand or finger, contact Dr. Rehman for a comprehensive evaluation and consultation. As with most medical conditions, early detection, awareness and a comprehensive treatment plan is the most effective way to combat the effects of conditions like ganglion cysts.
Macomb County Ganglion Cysts Doctor: 586.532.0803